Die Europa-Union Deutschland (EUD) ist die größte Bürgerinitiative für Europa in vernetzt und haben Partnerorganisationen in über 30 Ländern Europas. Mit Flaggen und Schildern, T-Shirts und Bannern gingen nicht nur Mitglieder von Europa-Union, JEF und UEF in den vergangenen Wochen auf die Straße, um. The latest Tweets from Europa-Union (@EuropaUnionDE). Die Europa-Union tritt seit 70 Jahren für einen europäischen Bundesstaat ein. Sie agiert lokal.
Europa Union Video(AfD Berlin) - AfD-Antrag auf Aufnahme in die Europa-Union
union europa -Erstens legte man sich eindeutig auf ein atlantisches und nach Westen orientiertes Europa fest, zweitens setze man einen Schwerpunkt auf wirtschaftliche Themen und bekannte sich drittens zur freiheitlich-demokratischen Grundordnung der Bundesrepublik. Ihr erklärtes Ziel ist es, schrittweise eine föderale Europäische Union zu schaffen, die auf den Werten der liberalen Demokratie, Solidarität und Rechtsstaatlichkeit gründet. Wahlen in Schweden führen zum Patt. Europa-Union Parlamentariergruppe im Niedersächsischen Landtag gegründet. Wir wollen diesen Prozess durch demokratische Teilhabe mitgestalten und nehmen Einfluss. Ironischerweise löste es sich auf, weil die beteiligten Staatsmänner und -frauen die Schaffung des Europäischen Rats für einen adäquaten Ersatz hielten. Europa kann pestizidfrei ernährt werden. Mit uns lernt man die europäischen Institutionen und die europäischen Nachbarn kennen - auf Studienfahrten und Begegnungsreisen. Europas kulturelles Erbe - Europas Zukunft.
De transeuropeiska energinäten syftar till att trygga energiförsörjningen och att inrätta en inre marknad för energi. Inom transeuropeiska telenät är investeringarna fokuserade kring modernisering av de redan befintliga näten.
Europeiska unionen har exklusiv befogenhet vad gäller den gemensamma handelspolitiken. Inom Världshandelsorganisationen WTO företräds unionen och dess medlemsstater av Europeiska kommissionen.
Europeiska unionen bedriver en gemensam utrikes- och säkerhetspolitik, som även innefattar den gemensamma säkerhets- och försvarspolitiken. Detta sker under den höga representantens ledning.
Europaparlamentets inflytande är samtidigt mycket begränsat. Den gemensamma försvarspolitiken innefattar det permanenta strukturerade samarbetet mellan medlemsstaternas försvarsmakter, och syftar till att öka försvarskapaciteten, minska kostnaderna och bidra till förbättrade villkor för försvarsindustrin.
Den gemensamma utrikes- och säkerhetspolitiken har gradvis förstärkts. Unionen har övertagit de uppgifter och funktioner som Västeuropeiska unionen hade innan Lissabonfördraget trädde i kraft den 1 december Inom kultur och utbildning har Europeiska unionen begränsade befogenheter och kan endast stödja medlemsstaternas politik.
I Europa finns det totalt världsarv , varav mer än inom unionen. Detta motsvarar ungefär 37 procent av världens alla världsarv.
De europeiska värdena antas vara grundade i denna gemensamma historia. Europaparlamentet är dock den enda institution som har som regel att översätta alla sina handlingar, och inte enbart lagstiftningsakter.
De flesta använder sig av det latinska alfabetet , utom bulgariska, som använder det kyrilliska alfabetet , och grekiska, som använder det grekiska alfabetet.
Dessutom finns det en stor minoritet som talar ryska , framför allt i Baltikum. För andra betydelser, se EU olika betydelser.
Stater som anslöt sig under och talen. Europeiska unionens utbredning och utvidgning. Stater som omfattas av EES-avtalet.
Utträde ur Europeiska unionen. Ordförande och ordförandeskap inom Europeiska unionen. De fem största ekonomierna i världen under enligt Internationella valutafonden IMF.
Inre marknaden och de fyra friheterna. Ekonomiska och monetära unionen. Europeiska unionens stadga om de grundläggande rättigheterna och unionsmedborgarskap.
Gemensamma jordbrukspolitiken och gemensamma fiskeripolitiken. Gemensamma utrikes- och säkerhetspolitiken. Visningar Visa Redigera Redigera wikitext Visa historik.
Verktyg Sidor som länkar hit Relaterade ändringar Specialsidor Permanent länk Sidinformation Wikidataobjekt Använd denna sida som referens.
Sidan redigerades senast den 31 oktober kl. Wikipedias text är tillgänglig under licensen Creative Commons Erkännande-dela-lika 3.
Bryssel , Belgien de facto [ 1 ] [ 2 ]. Euro [ 7 ] EUR. Mont Blanc 4 m ö. They are most often used in competition law , or on rulings on State Aid, but are also frequently used for procedural or administrative matters within the institutions.
Regulations, directives, and decisions are of equal legal value and apply without any formal hierarchy. Since the creation of the EU in , it has developed its competencies in the area of justice and home affairs; initially at an intergovernmental level and later by supranationalism.
Accordingly, the Union has legislated in areas such as extradition ,  family law,  asylum law,  and criminal justice. The Union has also established agencies to co-ordinate police, prosecutorial and immigrations controls across the member states: Europol for co-operation of police forces,  Eurojust for co-operation between prosecutors,  and Frontex for co-operation between border control authorities.
This co-operation had to particularly be developed with the advent of open borders through the Schengen Agreement and the associated cross border crime.
Foreign policy co-operation between member states dates from the establishment of the Community in , when member states negotiated as a bloc in international trade negotiations under the EU's common commercial policy.
It was not, however, until when European Political Cooperation was introduced on a formal basis by the Single European Act.
The aims of the CFSP are to promote both the EU's own interests and those of the international community as a whole, including the furtherance of international co-operation, respect for human rights, democracy, and the rule of law.
The unanimity and difficult issues treated under the CFSP sometimes lead to disagreements, such as those which occurred over the war in Iraq.
The coordinator and representative of the CFSP within the EU is the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy who speaks on behalf of the EU in foreign policy and defence matters, and has the task of articulating the positions expressed by the member states on these fields of policy into a common alignment.
The High Representative heads up the European External Action Service EEAS , a unique EU department  that has been officially implemented and operational since 1 December on the occasion of the first anniversary of the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon.
President Donald Trump , The EU participates in all G8 and G20 summits. G20 summit in Hangzhou, Besides the emerging international policy of the European Union, the international influence of the EU is also felt through enlargement.
The perceived benefits of becoming a member of the EU act as an incentive for both political and economic reform in states wishing to fulfil the EU's accession criteria, and are considered an important factor contributing to the reform of European formerly Communist countries.
The European Union has concluded free trade agreements FTAs  and other agreements with a trade component with many countries worldwide and is negotiating with many others.
The predecessors of the European Union were not devised as a military alliance because NATO was largely seen as appropriate and sufficient for defence purposes.
Following the Kosovo War in , the European Council agreed that "the Union must have the capacity for autonomous action, backed by credible military forces, the means to decide to use them, and the readiness to do so, in order to respond to international crises without prejudice to actions by NATO".
To that end, a number of efforts were made to increase the EU's military capability, notably the Helsinki Headline Goal process.
EU forces have been deployed on peacekeeping missions from middle and northern Africa to the western Balkans and western Asia. It aims to detect and stop illegal immigration, human trafficking and terrorist infiltration.
In the European Commission presented its proposal for a new European Border and Coast Guard Agency having a stronger role and mandate along with national authorities for border management.
In an EU consisting of 28 members, substantial security and defence co-operation is increasingly relying on collaboration among all member states.
If considered collectively, EU member states are the largest contributor of foreign aid in the world. In , the average among EU countries was 0.
Because of its ability to shape rules and norms on a global level as well as its attempts to influence neighbouring countries, the EU has been called an emerging or potential superpower by scholars and academics like T.
The EU uses foreign relations instruments like the European Neighbourhood Policy which seeks to tie those countries to the east and south of the European territory of the EU to the Union.
These countries, primarily developing countries, include some who seek to one day become either a member state of the European Union , or more closely integrated with the European Union.
The EU offers financial assistance to countries within the European Neighbourhood, so long as they meet the strict conditions of government reform, economic reform and other issues surrounding positive transformation.
This process is normally underpinned by an Action Plan, as agreed by both Brussels and the target country. Critics of the concept of the EU as an emerging superpower point to the lack of either a strong European military or of unified EU foreign policy.
The European Union has established a single market across the territory of all its members representing million citizens.
The currency union represents million EU citizens. Of the top largest corporations in the world measured by revenue in , have their headquarters in the EU.
Airbus is one of the world's leading aircraft manufacturers. Automotive manufacturing is one of most enduring industrial activities in the EU, and it accounts for millions of jobs, billions of euros in investment, and represents a large portion of the continent's exports.
Tourism is a major economic activity in the European Union with wide-ranging impact on economic growth and employment. Port of Antwerp container terminal, second-largest seaport in the European Union.
Structural Funds and Cohesion Funds are supporting the development of underdeveloped regions of the EU. Such regions are primarily located in the states of central and southern Europe.
EU research and technological framework programmes sponsor research conducted by consortia from all EU members to work towards a single European Research Area.
Two of the original core objectives of the European Economic Community were the development of a common market, subsequently becoming a single market , and a customs union between its member states.
The single market involves the free circulation of goods, capital, people, and services within the EU ,  and the customs union involves the application of a common external tariff on all goods entering the market.
Once goods have been admitted into the market they cannot be subjected to customs duties, discriminatory taxes or import quotas , as they travel internally.
The non-EU member states of Iceland , Norway , Liechtenstein and Switzerland participate in the single market but not in the customs union.
Free movement of capital is intended to permit movement of investments such as property purchases and buying of shares between countries. Post-Maastricht there has been a rapidly developing corpus of ECJ judgements regarding this initially neglected freedom.
The free movement of capital is unique insofar as it is granted equally to non-member states. The free movement of persons means that EU citizens can move freely between member states to live, work, study or retire in another country.
This required the lowering of administrative formalities and recognition of professional qualifications of other states.
The free movement of services and of establishment allows self-employed persons to move between member states to provide services on a temporary or permanent basis.
This lacuna has been addressed by the recently passed Directive on services in the internal market which aims to liberalise the cross border provision of services.
The creation of a European single currency became an official objective of the European Economic Community in In , having negotiated the structure and procedures of a currency union, the member states signed the Maastricht Treaty and were legally bound to fulfil the agreed-on rules including the convergence criteria if they wanted to join the monetary union.
The states wanting to participate had first to join the European Exchange Rate Mechanism. In the currency union started, first as an accounting currency with eleven member states joining.
In , the currency was fully put into place, when euro notes and coins were issued and national currencies began to phase out in the eurozone, which by then consisted of 12 member states.
The eurozone constituted by the EU member states which have adopted the euro has since grown to 19 countries. The European System of Financial Supervision is an institutional architecture of the EU's framework of financial supervision composed by three authorities: The aim of this financial control system is to ensure the economic stability of the EU.
To prevent the joining states from getting into financial trouble or crisis after entering the monetary union, they were obliged in the Maastricht treaty to fulfil important financial obligations and procedures, especially to show budgetary discipline and a high degree of sustainable economic convergence, as well as to avoid excessive government deficits and limit the government debt to a sustainable level.
The EU has had legislative power in the area of energy policy for most of its existence; this has its roots in the original European Coal and Steel Community.
The introduction of a mandatory and comprehensive European energy policy was approved at the meeting of the European Council in October , and the first draft policy was published in January The EU has five key points in its energy policy: There is a strong dependence on Russian energy that the EU has been attempting to reduce.
In the estimated network covers: Rail transport in Europe is being synchronised with the European Rail Traffic Management System ERTMS , an initiative to greatly enhance safety, increase efficiency of trains and enhance cross-border interoperability of rail transport in Europe by replacing signalling equipment with digitised mostly wireless versions and by creating a single Europe-wide standard for train control and command systems.
The developing European transport policies will increase the pressure on the environment in many regions by the increased transport network.
In the pre EU members, the major problem in transport deals with congestion and pollution. After the recent enlargement, the new states that joined since added the problem of solving accessibility to the transport agenda.
The Galileo positioning system is another EU infrastructure project. The Galileo project was launched partly to reduce the EU's dependency on the US-operated Global Positioning System , but also to give more complete global coverage and allow for greater accuracy, given the aged nature of the GPS system.
The port of Tallinn is one of the busiest cruise and passenger harbours in Northern Europe with over 10 million people passing through in , connecting Helsinki in 2h.
Spain places second in High-speed rail constructed km in the world after China. The policy's price controls and market interventions led to considerable overproduction.
These were intervention stores of products bought up by the Community to maintain minimum price levels.
To dispose of surplus stores, they were often sold on the world market at prices considerably below Community guaranteed prices, or farmers were offered subsidies amounting to the difference between the Community and world prices to export their products outside the Community.
This system has been criticised for under-cutting farmers outside Europe, especially those in the developing world.
Since the beginning of the s, the CAP has been subject to a series of reforms. Initially, these reforms included the introduction of set-aside in , where a proportion of farm land was deliberately withdrawn from production, milk quotas and, more recently, the 'de-coupling' or disassociation of the money farmers receive from the EU and the amount they produce by the Fischler reforms in Agriculture expenditure will move away from subsidy payments linked to specific produce, toward direct payments based on farm size.
This is intended to allow the market to dictate production levels. The EU operates a competition policy intended to ensure undistorted competition within the single market.
The Competition Commissioner , currently Margrethe Vestager , is one of the most powerful positions in the Commission, notable for the ability to affect the commercial interests of trans-national corporations.
The EU has long sought to mitigate the effects of free markets by protecting workers rights and preventing social and environmental dumping.
To this end it has adopted laws establishing minimun employment and environmental standards. The EU has also sought to coordinate the social security and health systems of member states to facilitate individuals exercising free movement rights and to ensure they maintain their ability to access social security and health services in other member states.
In , when the EEC was founded, it had no environmental policy. European policy-makers originally increased the EU's capacity to act on environmental issues by defining it as a trade problem.
The legal basis for EU environmental policy was established with the introduction of the Single European Act in Initially, EU environmental policy focused on Europe.
More recently, the EU has demonstrated leadership in global environmental governance, e. This international dimension is reflected in the EU's Sixth Environmental Action Programme,  which recognises that its objectives can only be achieved if key international agreements are actively supported and properly implemented both at EU level and worldwide.
The Lisbon Treaty further strengthened the leadership ambitions. Mitigating climate change is one of the top priorities of EU environmental policy.
Basic education is an area where the EU's role is limited to supporting national governments. In higher education, the policy was developed in the s in programmes supporting exchanges and mobility.
The most visible of these has been the Erasmus Programme , a university exchange programme which began in There are similar programmes for school pupils and teachers, for trainees in vocational education and training , and for adult learners in the Lifelong Learning Programme — These programmes are designed to encourage a wider knowledge of other countries and to spread good practices in the education and training fields across the EU.
Scientific development is facilitated through the EU's Framework Programmes , the first of which started in The aims of EU policy in this area are to co-ordinate and stimulate research.
Although the EU has no major competences in the field of health care, Article 35 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union affirms that "A high level of human health protection shall be ensured in the definition and implementation of all Union policies and activities".
The European Commission 's Directorate-General for Health and Consumers seeks to align national laws on the protection of people's health, on the consumers' rights, on the safety of food and other products.
All EU and many other European countries offer their citizens a free European Health Insurance Card which, on a reciprocal basis, provides insurance for emergency medical treatment insurance when visiting other participating European countries.
Cultural co-operation between member states has been a concern of the EU since its inclusion as a community competency in the Maastricht Treaty.
Association football is by far the most popular sport in the European Union by the number of registered players. The other sports with the most participants in clubs are tennis, swimming, athletics, golf, gymnastics, equestrian sports, handball, volleyball and sailing.
Sport is mainly the responsibility of the member states or other international organisations, rather than of the EU. However, there are some EU policies that have affected sport, such as the free movement of workers, which was at the core of the Bosman ruling that prohibited national football leagues from imposing quotas on foreign players with European citizenship.
The Treaty of Lisbon requires any application of economic rules to take into account the specific nature of sport and its structures based on voluntary activity.
The flag used is the Flag of Europe , which consists of a circle of 12 golden stars on a blue background. The blue represents the West, while the number and position of the stars represent completeness and unity, respectively.
United in Diversity was adopted as the motto of the Union in the year , having been selected from proposals submitted by school pupils.
The anthem of the Union is an instrumental version of the prelude to the Ode to Joy , the 4th movement of Ludwig van Beethoven 's ninth symphony.
The anthem was adopted by European Community leaders in and has since been played on official occasions. Besides naming the continent, the Greek mythological figure of Europa has frequently been employed as a personification of Europe.
Known from the myth in which Zeus seduces her in the guise of a white bull, Europa has also been referred to in relation to the present Union. Statues of Europa and the bull decorate several of the Union's institutions and a portrait of her is seen on the series of Euro banknotes.
The bull is, for its part, depicted on all residence permit cards. Charles the Great , also known as Charlemagne Latin: Carolus Magnus and later recognised as Pater Europae "Father of Europe" ,    has a symbolic relevance to Europe.
The Commission has named one of its central buildings in Brussels after Charlemagne and the city of Aachen has since awarded the Charlemagne Prize to champions of European unification.
Media freedom is a fundamental right that applies to all member states of the European Union and its citizens , as defined in the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights as well as the European Convention on Human Rights.
The vast majority of media in the European Union are national-oriented. It provides support for the development, promotion and distribution of European works within Europe and beyond.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see EU disambiguation. Location of the European Union, its outermost regions , and the overseas countries and territories.
Council of the EU European Parliament. History of the European Union and History of Europe. Ideas of European unity before Area possibly settled up to c.
Area settled up to BCE. Treaties of the European Union. Demographics of the European Union. List of cities in the European Union by population within city limits.
Languages of the European Union. Religion in the European Union. Member state of the European Union. Geography of the European Union.
Budget of the European Union. Area of freedom, security and justice. Common Security and Defence Policy. Energy policy of the European Union. European Union competition law and European Commissioner for Competition.
Sport policies of the European Union. Media freedom in the European Union. However, only three of them — English, French and German — have the higher status of procedural languages and are used in the day-to-day workings of the European institutions.
Basque is not an official language of the European Union but has a semi-official status. For more information see Special member state territories and the European Union.
Secretary of State for Transport No. This is a political and not a legal requirement for membership. Archived 26 June at the Wayback Machine.
Amministrazione delle Finanze  ECR Archived from the original on 3 May Retrieved 26 December Capital Cities around the World: An Encyclopedia of Geography, History, and Culture: An Encyclopedia of Geography, History, and Culture.
Retrieved 10 December Retrieved 2 July Retrieved 3 August Those two Treaties shall have the same legal value.
The Union shall replace and succeed the European Community ". Retrieved 13 July Retrieved 22 December Retrieved 17 April Retrieved 12 February Retrieved 19 March Fewer barriers, more opportunities".
Archived from the original on 1 October Retrieved 27 September Retrieved 29 June Archived from the original on 16 January Retrieved 6 September The Council of the European Union.
Retrieved 3 June Archived from the original on 22 August Retrieved 8 September Vienna Institute of Demography.
Retrieved 9 May The Blackwell Dictionary of Eastern Christianity. The Greek East and the Latin West: A Study in the Christian Tradition. Retrieved 11 March Christendom and European Identity: The Legacy of a Grand Narrative Since Grounded in liberal values, the Paneuropean Union was considered staunchly anti-communist from its inception and especially during the Cold War.
For this reason, the organisation was much reviled by the communist regimes of the Eastern Bloc. The organisation became renowned for its role in organising the Pan-European Picnic , an important event during the Revolutions of From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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